Read e-book online A Critique of Nicotine Addiction (Neurobiological Foundation PDF

By Hanan Frenk,Reuven Dar

Nicotine is nearly universally believed to be the main issue that motivates smoking and impedes cessation. professionals similar to the doctor basic of america and the Royal collage of Physicians within the united kingdom have declared that nicotine is as addictive as heroin and cocaine. This booklet is a critique of the nicotine dependancy speculation, in response to a serious overview of the study literature that purports to end up that nicotine is as addictive drug. The evaluation is predicated on a re-assessment of greater than seven hundred articles and books in this topic, together with animal and human experimental reports, results of `nicotine alternative therapies', and plenty of different correct resources. This evaluate concludes that on current facts, there's each cause to reject the commonly authorised thought that nicotine has an enormous function in cigarette smoking. A serious exam of the standards for drug dependancy demonstrates that none of those standards is met by way of nicotine, and that it really is more likely that nicotine in truth limits relatively than allows smoking.

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A Critique of Nicotine Addiction (Neurobiological Foundation of Aberrant Behaviors) by Hanan Frenk,Reuven Dar

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